From Shungite Water to Fullerene Oil

In advance

In this story, we outline a bird’s eye view of the use of Fullerene C60 especially in Europe. Here, we will limit ourselves to the application for physical and mental well-being. We leave aside physical engineering properties and applications that fullerenes also have.


A rock formation formed out of black stone. If you could rub a finger over a stone from this formation, you could smell the typical smell of carbon and get black fingers.

The Shungite mine at Zazhoginsky

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The rock formation pictured above can be found in Karelia, near the town of Shunga, located on Lake Onega. Shunga is the namesake for the mineral rock called Shungite. Karelia has hundreds of kilometres of border between the Russian Federation and Finland. It has a long tradition of changing rulers, cultural influences and degrees of political-administrative independence. Since 1956, Karelia has been a republic in the north-western European part of the Russian Federation.

Besides the deposit around Lake Onega in Karelia, Shungite is also found in India, the Republic of Congo, Australia and Kazakhstan.

Tsar Peter the Great and the spa Marcial Waters

In the early 18th century, Russian Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725) kept frequent and prolonged visits to the rock formation at Shunga. Magically, the lodgings invigorated him. This created his belief in the healing properties of the water and black stone on site. He believed in it so strongly that he required his men to carry a stone of Shungite with them in times of war. He also had fountains mined to make the healing water accessible.
At the site, he established a spa he named Marcial Waters. Here he arranged for a chapel to be built for the Apostle Peter. This chapel still stands today. A large vessel made of Shungite filled with water is part of the chapel’s furnishings.

The chapel for the Apostle Peter

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The vessel made of Shungite in the chapel

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Geological research

In the outgoing 19th century, modern scientific research took off. Across Europe, scientists were researching the continent’s geology. In conjunction with geological knowledge, the countries surrounding Karelia became aware of the peculiarity of the rocks in Shunga. In Finland, as well as in the Baltic states, research on own soil composition was carried out in this context. An example of this is the discovery that in the Finnish region of Suojärvi, bordering the Karelia area, was also rich in Shungite. Below an article in the Finnish newspaper ‘Mercator’:

Mercator of 29 September 1916


‘Charcoal discoveries in Olonets.
Schungite is also found at Suojärvi.
(K. C.) According to Russian newspaper reports, there is talk of coal seam exploitation near the village of Schunga in Olonets.
Regarding these reports, Prof. J. J. Sederholm inquired about these coal seams.
Prof. Sederholm explained that the results relate to a type of coal that is even harder and more difficult to burn than anthracite and is similar in nature to graphite. Geologically, this type of coal, named schungite after the place Schunga in Olonets, does not belong to the coal period at all, but to the Jatulium formation of the Precambrian deposits. So the schungite is a much older formation than the coal.
According to a former Dutch student who worked as a miner in America, numerous blocks of schungite are also found near the church in Suojärvi. Prof. S. had no further knowledge of the results of these investigations, which, however, were soon abandoned. The area of the Suojärvi find has been mapped by the Geological Service.’

These insights made the whole region aware and sensitive to the special properties of Shungite. Ancient and modern chemical analyses show that Shungite contains between 60% and 95% carbon, depending on the quality. The concentration of fullerenes built up from this carbon (see below) in general and fullerene C60 in particular varies.


The element carbon is a natural, elemental building block of the universe. It is the basis of all living beings. In the chemical periodic table, carbon is denoted by C.
Without carbon, there is no life: without carbon, there are no organic compounds. In variations, it is found in all foods and nutrients.
Activated carbon (purified carbon) has the ability to filter, clean and bind other substances to itself to prevent alteration and decay.
Due to its properties, activated charcoal is used as a remedy for medicinal complaints. Norit, for example, has been produced and ingested since 1912.

Fullerenes everywhere, naturally on earth and in space

Carbon (among other appearances, such as diamond and graphite) can be formed into fullerenes due to very high electromagnetic voltage:

  • naturally by lightning or comet impacts, or volcanic activity or earthquakes; this makes fullerene a naturally occurring building block in space and on earth for millions of years; in the manner, fullerene has found its reflection in the mineral Shungite,
  • under laboratory conditions.

Nobel Prize in chemistry

In 1996, the Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry to two American and a British scientist for the 1985 discovery of fullerenes, a chemical group of substances. Fullerenes are made up of multiple compounds of only the atom carbon (C). Part of this group of substances is the molecule fullerene 60 which is a closed formation of 60 carbon atoms (also called Buckminster Fullerene, after the American versatile scientist Richard Buckminster Fuller who theoretically described the structure of molecules like fullerene).

Biotechnological research

Following these scientific discoveries, Fullerene C60 was widely experimented with around the world. This carbon compound was found to be well soluble in oil. The question arose as to what effects the solution would produce in a body. It was examined in a biotechnological scientific questionnaire by a group of scientists of international origin at the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Paris.
The outcome of the study (published in the year 2012) was astonishing. Fullerene C60 in oil, taken in small amounts with regularity, prolonged the lives of the experimental animals (rats) while shortening was assumed.
Read the reserach:
The prolongation of the lifespan of rats by repeated oral administration of [C60] fullerene

The conclusion is:

The effect of pure fullerene C60 on the lifetime highlights the absence of chronic toxicity. These results, obtained with a small sample of animals with an exploratory protocol, demand more extensive research to optimise the intestinal absorption of Fullerene C60, as well as the different parameters of the administration protocol: dose, dosage and treatment duration. In the present case, treatment was stopped when a control rat died on M17 (the 17th day of the study, A.L.), proving that the effects of treatment with Fullerene C60 are long-lasting.”

Until today, worldwide all biotechnological research on the action and application of fullerene C60 is based on its findings. The research shows that Fullerene is an antioxidant that reduces inflammation in bodies. As a result, life energy increases.
Our overview of important ongoing international scientific research can be found below:

How is Fullerene C60 being used now?

  • As a mineral, Shungite is sold, applied and worn worldwide in the form of healing powder or healing stone,
  • as tiles, stones of Shungite are placed in rooms to allow people to experience the purifying effect,
A Shungite room in Karelia
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  • as mineral water, water is filtered through Shungite and drunk,
  • as a nutritional supplement, Fullerene C60 is dissolved in food oils, sold and ingested worldwide,
  • Fullerene Oil is processed in various types of cosmetics,
  • older and recent scientific research on biotechnological applications of Fullerene C60 for a variety of conditions can be found in all online science libraries worldwide (see above).

Rounding the circle

We end our story with a postage stamp.
It was published by the Russian Federation in 2019 to mark the 300th anniversary of the discovery of the healing properties of Marcial Waters by Peter the Great.
The stamp shows the tsar together with his wife, standing in front of Marcial Waters’ scenery next to a water fountain and raising a glass.

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Today, as a sanatorium, the old Marcial Waters spa also bears the name Martsialnye Vody.
Whether you drink fresh Shungite water, dive into the pool or prefer a relaxing treatment with packs: it can all be done for your well-being!

Peter the Great, during his time spent at Marcial Waters in the 18th century, had experienced at first hand what biotechnological science would demonstrate from the 20th century onwards in foundations, application and consistency:
His body was invigorated and his mind enlightened. The engraving (from an unknown master) at the top of our story shows the historical depiction of this experience.

Can you imagine all this?

Justification for the images

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